How to measure the time it takes to execute a Python file
Suppose you have some big data files to analyse, and you would like to know roughly how long it takes to run the analysis. This is so that in future, if you had to re-run the analysis, you could gauge that it will take long enough to go get a coffee or work on another job while you wait for the analysis to finish. How might you measure the time it takes to analyse the data?
If your analysis is contained in a Python script (that may import code from other libraries or custom-written Python files), one simple way to measure the time it takes to analyse files is to use Python’s
datetime function at the start and end of the script:
import numpy as np from datetime import datetime startTime = datetime.now() # Run analysis. For example: np.arange(0, 2000, 1/2000) print('\nTime elasped: ', datetime.now() - startTime)
In the short example above, Python notes the start time (in real time) just before the analysis is run, then calculates and prints the time taken to run the analysis at the end:
Time elasped: 0:00:00.014490
Here, the elapsed time is calculated in real time, so the amount of time taken to run the analysis depends on how powerful your computer’s processor is, amount of random access memory, other jobs your computer is doing, etc. This simple method is handy to get a rough estimate of time taken to run the analysis. Users who need more accurate estimates of time may consider
time.clock, as well as the
timeit module for small code snippits.
Measuring elapsed time with the Time module. Stack Overflow.